Irrational, exaggerated, unrealistic and uncontrolled fears
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A fear that drives a person to avoid the situation, object or activity that causes fear
The word "phobos" in Greek means fear or escape. Phobias refer to irrational, exaggerated, unrealistic and uncontrolled fears that trigger certain objects, activities, or situations. They are characterized by 3 factors:
- The feeling of fear does not decrease for longer periods of time,
- Fear is unjustified,
- The phobia always keeps a person avoiding the situation, object or activity that causes fear.
We can divide phobias into three groups:
- Simple phobias - fear is focused on a specific situation or object. These can sometimes be associated with some traumatic event, such as dog bites, although many of them occur without an obvious cause. There are many different forms of these phobias, such as:
- animal phobias (fear of dogs, snakes, insects, birds, etc.)
- situational phobias (specific situations such as a flight by plane, bus ride, tunnel passage, indoor or outdoor stay, etc.)
- phobias of the natural environment (fear of water, height, thunder, storms, etc.)
- blood-injection-injury phobias (fear of taking blood, injections, etc.)
- and many other phobias (fear of sound, uninformed people, etc.).
- Social phobias – they represent a variety of combinations of fears of public humiliation and negative criticism or fear of inconvenience in front of other people. Such people avoid urinating in public toilets, refuse to eat in restaurants or drink coffee in cafes, avoid meeting with people in larger groups, public performances, etc. These phobias can also be linked to a traumatic event from the past, but also with some other phobic situation from the present.
- Agoraphobia – or panic attack phobia (fear of fear, fear of open spaces outside home security, crowds, isolated places, travel, being alone and fear at the thought of the loss of loved ones).