Mythological stories are symbols derived from the human psyche, which carries a true message that cannot be explained in words.
Mythology is the meeting point of the known and the unknown, that is human consciousness and subconscious. It is a set of fairy tales – partly true, partly legendary, and partly metaphorical and symbolic, which help us to understand the incomprehensible.
The Swiss psychiatrist Carl Gustav Jung (1875-1961) researched the human psyche and called mythological symbols “archetypes” because he was convinced that they were integral parts not only of the unconscious mind of the individual but also of the collective unconscious. Jung believed that all human beings were born with the same basic subconscious archetypes as “hero,” “ruler,” or “explorer.” This later prompted the development of “Fairytale Therapy” – a branch of psychotherapy that originated in St. Petersburg, whose founder is Tatyana Zinkevich-Evstigneeva. Stories from ancient times – therapeutic stories – have enormous power to influence the consciousness and subconscious of not only children but also adults.
Folklore stories of fairies, angels, dwarfs, mermaids, and other mystical creatures and spiritual beings existed in many cultures from Sumer to Egypt, from China to the cultures of ancient America, ancient Slavs, Celts, Greek, and Roman. For them, these miraculous beings were a reality; memories of them reach us to this day through modern mythology. The best examples of modern mythology are Harry Potter, The Lord of the Rings, The Legend of King Arthur, Merlin, Disney cartoons (e.g. The Lion King, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs, Moana, Aladdin, The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Peter Pan, The Sword in the Stone, etc.).